The evolution of the piano ballad genre in Ukrainian music

  • Nataliya Sydir Postgraduate Student, Lviv National Music Academy named after Mykola Lysenko, Lviv (Ukraine).
Keywords: piano ballade, Ukrainian academic music, genre varieties, intonational unity.

Abstract

Despite the large-scale representation and wide variety, the genre of the Ukrainian piano ballade has not yet been the subject of special study. The purpose of the research is to study the evolution of the piano ballade genre in historical view. The romantic genre of instrumental ballade, established by F. Chopin and F. List, has been widely represented in Ukrainian piano compositions. Among different ballade genres the most widely represented are the ballades for piano solo which started their development from the compositions of F. Chopin.
The chronological review shows the close attention of Ukrainian composers to the piano ballade genre from the middle of the 19th century to the present. The genre is widely represented. The most popular among Ukrainian composers is a ballade that is concertante medium piece for piano solo. Along with above-mentioned genres, there are: ballades-miniatures, historical and patriotic ballades, ballades of the song type, which is appropriately projected into dramaturgy and architectonics of formation.
From the second half of the 20th century, along with the basic type of ballade, synthetic genre models of ballad type are becoming more common. Among the varieties of genre, there is a miniature ballade as part of a salon or didactic cycle, a ballade - a concertante pieces, a sonata ballade, a concert ballade and a rock ballade.
It is characterized by neo-romantic features, narrative style, lyric-epic or epic-dramatic imagery, picturesque description of the plot, vivid emotional contrasts, improvisation and variability in the development of the thematicism, the principle of monotematism. Structurally, the ballade is interpretated as a three-part piece in rhapsodic (contrast-component) or variational form; a ballade in a freely interpretated sonata-cyclical form based on intonational unity of thematicism with numerous figurative transformations.

References

1. Barenboym, L. (1990). Emil Gilels : Tvorcheskiy portret artista [Emil Gilels: Creative portrait of the artist] T. N. Golland (Ed.) M. : Sov. kompozitor.
2. Bezborod`ko, O. A. (2018). Vzayemodiya kompozy`tors`ky`x i vy`konavs`ky`x zasobiv vy`raznosti v Drugij sonati-baladi Bory`sa Lyatoshy`ns`kogo. [Interaction of Composer and Performing Means of Expression in Boris Lyatoshinskiy's Second Sonata Ballad] Naukovy`j visny`k Nacional`noyi muzy`chnoyi akademiyi Ukrayiny` imeni P. I. Chajkovs`kogo. 122. S. 110-124.
3. Bezborod`ko, O. A. (2017). Sonata-balada # 2 op. 18 Bory`sa Lyatoshy`ns`kogo v klasi special`nogo fortepiano [Sonata Ballad No. 2 op. 18 Boris Lyatoshynskyi in the class of special piano] Naukovy`j visny`k Nacional`noyi muzy`chnoyi akademiyi Ukrayiny` imeni P. I. Chajkovs`kogo. Kyiv : NMAU. S. 102-131.
4. Bezuglyj, T. (1864). Konashevy`ch` Sagajdachnыj : Ballada:[Konashevich Sahaidachny: Ballad] Dlya f.-p. [Noty`] SPb. : Bernard, cenz.
5. Bentya, Yu. Peredmova. Bezugly`j Ty`mofij [Bezugly`j Ty`mofij] CzDAMLM Ukrayiny` F. # 1255 op.1
6. Vilins`ky`j, M. (1953). Rosijs`ki variaciyi v epichnomu sty`li. Elegijna syuyita. Balada u formi variacij. Dy`tyachy`j al`bom. Variaciyi or. 33 # 2.[ Russian variations in epic style. Elegant Suite. Ballad in the form of variations. Children's album. Variations of op. 33 No. 2.] [Noty`] Kyiv.
7. Kvasnevs`ky`j, V. (2007). Balada. Romanty`chni storinky`: Fortepianni tvory`.[ Ballad. Romantic Pages: Piano Works.] [Noty`]. Lviv: Kompaniya ―Manuskry`pt‖.
8. Kly`n, V. L. (1972). L. Revucz`ky`j – kompozy`tor-pianist. [Revutsky is a pianist composer] Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
9. Kly`n, V. L. (1980) Ukrayins`ka radyans`ka fortepianna muzy`ka. [Ukrainian Soviet Piano Music] Kyiv: Naukova dumka.
10. Kornij, L. (2001). Istoriya ukrayins`koyi muzy`ky`.[ History of Ukrainian music] Kyiv–N`yu-Jork. Ch. III.
11. Lyatoshy`ns`ky`j, B. (1971). Balada. [Noty`] Kyiv: Muz. Ukrayina.
12. Marcenkivs`ka, O. V. (2018). Zhanr balady` v muzy`ci B. Lyatoshy`ns`kogo (do problemy` trady`cij ta novatorstva). [Ballad genre in the music of B. Lyatoshynsky (to the problem of tradition and innovation)]. Ky`yivs`ke muzy`koznavstvo. 57. S. 45-59.
3. My`xajlov, M. (1962). M. M. Vilins`ky`j. [M. M. Vilins`ky`j] Kyiv: Rad. kompozy`tor.
14. Molchko, U. B. (2014). Kompozy`tors`ka spadshhy`na Ostapa Boby`kevy`cha u suchasny`x navchal`no-metody`chny`x vy`dannyax. [Ostap Bobikevich's composer legacy in modern educational and methodical publications] Naukovi zapy`sky` Ternopil`s`kogo nacional`nogo pedagogichnogo universy`tetu imeni Volody`my`ra Gnatyuka. Seriya : My`stecztvoznavstvo. 1. S. 16-21.
15. Nazarenko, V, Vilins`ky`j, Yu. (2013) Kompozy`tor i pedagog My`kola Vilins`ky`j (do 125-richchya vid dnya narodzhennya).[Composer and teacher Mykola Vilinski (to the 125th anniversary)]. Muzy`ka. 6. S. 8–11.
16. Sviridovs`ka, L. (2010) Zasoby` obraznogo onovlennya ukrayins`koyi fortepianoyi miniatyury` kincya XIX – pershoyi trety`ny` XX stolittya [Means of figurative updating of the Ukrainian piano miniature of the late XIX - the first third of the XX century]. Veresen`. 1-2 (50-51). S. 107-113.
17. Sviridovs`ka, L. M. (2007) Fortepianna miniatyura v ukrayins`kij muzy`chnij kul`turi (kinecz` XIX – persha trety`na XX stolittya) [Piano Miniature in Ukrainian Musical Culture (late nineteenth - first third of twentieth century)] avtoref. dy`s. … kandy`data my`stecztvoznavstva: 17.00.03. Kyiv.
18. Sokolova, S. (2012). Balada dlya korolevy` [Ballad for the Queen] Kul`tura i Zhy`ttya. 13.07. URL : http://lagodyuk.com.ua/ru/content/%D0%B1%D0%B0%D0%BB%D0%B0%D0%B4%D0%B0-%D0%B4%D0%BB%D1%8F-%D0%BA%D0%BE%D1%80%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B5%D0%B2%D0%B8
19. Stepanchenko, G. (2002) Muzy`ka j istoriya My`xajla Stepanenka [Music and history of Mykhailo Stepanenko] 27. 19.07. ZN.UA : URL : https://dt.ua/CULTURE/muzika_y_istoriya_mihayla_stepanenka.html
20. Cheredny`chenko, O. V. (2008). Fortepianna tvorchist` S. Bortkevy`cha v svitli klasy`ko-romanty`chnoyi trady`ciyi [S. Bortkevich's piano work in the light of the classic-romantic tradition]: avtoref. dy`s. na zdob. nauk. stup. kandy`data my`stecztvoznavstva: 17.00.03 Harkiv.
Published
2019-12-01
How to Cite
Sydir, N. (2019). The evolution of the piano ballad genre in Ukrainian music. Scientific Collections of the Lviv National Music Academy Named After MV Lysenko, (45), 198-210. Retrieved from https://muzuniversum.com/index.php/journal/article/view/57
Section
АКТУАЛЬНІ НАПРЯМКИ УКРАЇНСЬКОЇ ІНТЕРПРЕТОЛОГІЇ