About the meaning of the terms autochthonous and authentic in relation to the term «traditional musical instrument»

  • Liliia Pasichniak Candidate in Art Criticism (PhD), Associate Professor, Educational and Scientific Institute of Arts of Precarpathian Vasyl Stefanyk National University, Ivano-Frankivsk (Ukraine); doctoral student of the Lviv National Music Academy named after Mykola Lysenko, Lviv (Ukraine).
Keywords: autochthonous, authentic, folk musical instrument, folk tradition, Carpathian region.

Abstract

In this article the author attempts to clarify the meaning and essence of the terms autochthonous and authentic folk musical instrument, which is of exceptional importance for explaining the process of formation of the national instrumental tradition, in particular its collective forms under consideration, on the example of the musical folk-instrumental culture of the Carpathian folklore tradition. Іn particular, the status of the study of selected issues in recent studies and publications is analyzed; a comparative analysis was carried out of the dictionary definitions of the terms autochthonous and authentic; their semantics is substantiated in defining the term "Ukrainian folk musical instrument". Significant contribution to the study of the problem theoretical understanding of the semantics of the terms "autochthonous" and "authentic" in the definition of "Ukrainian folk musical instrument" became the works of V.Dutchak, I.Zinkіv, M.Imkhanitsky, I. Matsievsky, Ya. Pavliv, M. Stankiewich, N. Suprun-Yaremko, M. Khay, L. Cherkasky, B. Yaremko. The term "autochthonous" is explained as a local, indigenous one, which makes it possible to distinguish those traditional instruments that originated in the studied territory and became important in the creation of folk-instrumental culture of the ethnic groups of the Carpathian region. Also autochthonous are those instruments (archeological "fossils" and those preserved in Ukrainian "musical" iconography) that have existed since ancient times in our country. The main criteria of "authentic" determine the originality and rootedness of folk musical instruments in this territory. In our opinion, the terms "autochthonous" and "authentic" are fundamental in defining the concept of "Ukrainian folk musical instrument". After all, nowadays, academic folk instruments function in the musical educational institutions of Ukraine and, at the same time, in the national environment to perform traditional music.

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Published
2019-12-01
How to Cite
Pasichniak, L. (2019). About the meaning of the terms autochthonous and authentic in relation to the term «traditional musical instrument». Scientific Collections of the Lviv National Music Academy Named After MV Lysenko, (45), 69-90. Retrieved from https://muzuniversum.com/index.php/journal/article/view/48
Section
СУЧАСНА МУЗИЧНА НАУКА: ІДЕЇ, МЕТОДОЛОГІЇ, ДИСКУРСИ