String quartet in the aspect of genre tradition: «stable» and «mobile» principles in the evolution of the genre

  • Daria Andriivna Chystiakova postgraduate student, Lviv National Music Academy named after Mykola Lysenko, Lviv (Ukraine)
Keywords: quartet thinking, genre tradition, string quartet, stability and mobility in the string quartet genre, quartets of «old» and «new» standards in the «Modern time» music.

Abstract

The article is devoted to generalization and systematization of the
methodological principles within this genre, as one of the most stable in the
system of chamber-instrumental music. The author of the article emphasizes
that the nature of the string quartet is revealed at the intersection of the
global categories of the genre and style in music, which are adapted through
the corresponding traditions. The latter within themselves are differentiated
into historical, which are inherent in different schools, as well as
«personal» – peculiar to a particular author. The article outlines the general
and special features of how each of them projects within the genre of quartet. It is noted that the historical aspect means the crystallization of the mono-
timbral set of four bowed string instruments, which gradually emerged from the baroque «style of symphonies» and gained the status of stability during
the period of Classicism. The national-style features of quartet principles
become especially noticeable in a romantic age, which moves away from the
classical interpretations of the genre. Finally, the genre tradition of the
quartet is always seen at the individual level, particularly, within the quartet
styles of the «Modern Time» masters, where there are a variety of quartet
models – up to free, experimental, and «liberal genre» ones. It is for the first
time in the national musicology that a generalized classification of the string
quartet genre features is suggested; within the classification, the dialectical ratio of stable and mobile factors is highlighted and emphasized. It was also
noted that the predominance of the former does not contradict the pluralism
in the interpretations of the string quartet genre by the authors of different
eras and schools, where in diachrony and synchrony the various figurative
semantic and technological innovations are synthesized and mixed together.

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Published
2019-07-31
How to Cite
Chystiakova, D. A. (2019). String quartet in the aspect of genre tradition: «stable» and «mobile» principles in the evolution of the genre. Scientific Collections of the Lviv National Music Academy Named After MV Lysenko, (44), 45-58. https://doi.org/10.33398/2310-0583.2019.44.45.58
Section
Panorama of music research and interpretation