About the choral concert «Ne otverzhi mene vo vremia starosti» by Andriy Rachinsky
In the article the concert «Ne otverzhi mene vo vremia starosti» is studied
by A. Rachinsky, whose choral score has just been reconstructed from the
vocal parties of the manuscript collection of party works. The purpose of the
article is to keep track the influence based on the material of the concert «Ne
otverzhi» of A. Rachinsky's spiritual works written in a new style on the first
composer's experiences by M. Berezovsky, created during the early period of
creativity, before departure to study in Bologna. The methodology of the
research is based on the principles of comparative analysis, which provides
the basis for identifying common and distinctive features and identifying the
hereditary connections between the work of A. Rachinsky and M. Berezovsky.
Analysis of the concert «Ne otverzhi» by A. Rachinsky with full choral score
revealed in this work the signs of a new style (individualization of the themes,
increasing the role of solo constructions, relying on the functional harmonic
framework basis, the use of cyclic composition with the final fugue, etc.) and
confirmed affiliation with the era of early classicism. Comparing this work
with the concerts of the early period of M. Berezovsky’s work, especially with
the concert «Ne otverzhi», written on the same text, showed many inherited
features (from the interpretation of the cyclic form, the similarity of the
figurative and emotional decision of some musical themes and the
compositional structure of the sections to the «germination» of certain
rhythm formulas), and also revealed distinctive features, first of all, in the
general meaningful concept of concert cycles, which is connected with the
character of the final fugue, which in the concert of A. Rachinsky is a
personification of life-affairs reminiscent of the beginning, a symbol of
victory of man over enemies, while in M. Berezovsky suffering and protesting
people still become a victim of life circumstances. The revealing of the
handwritten source with the full musical text of the concert «Ne otverzhi» by
A. Rachinsky completed a long stage of search for choral parties and opened the way for public performance of this work worthy of being sung in Ukraine
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